BRICS countries call for comprehensive reform of the UN to make it more effective

Leaders of BRICS countries, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on Thursday stressed the need for comprehensive reform of the UN, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient.

China and Russia reiterated the importance they attach to the status and role of Brazil, India and South Africa in international affairs and supported their aspirations to play a greater role in international affairs. UN, according to the Beijing Declaration of the virtual annual BRICS summit.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in the virtual summit with Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin and senior leaders from Brazil and South Africa. The summit is hosted by China as president for this year.

The BRICS (Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa) group together five of the largest developing countries in the world, representing 41% of the world’s population, 24% of world GDP and 16% of world trade. .

The BRICS countries also reaffirmed their commitment to ensure the promotion and protection of democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all with the aim of building a better shared future for the international community on the basis of a mutually beneficial cooperation.

“We reiterate our commitment to multilateralism by upholding international law, including the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations as its indispensable cornerstone, and to the central role of the United Nations in an international system in which sovereign States cooperate to maintain peace and security, advance sustainable development, ensure the promotion and protection of democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms for all,” the statement reads.

He also called for promoting cooperation based on the spirit of mutual respect, justice and equality.

The leaders of the BRICS countries noted that the task of strengthening and reforming the multilateral system lies in making the instruments of global governance more inclusive, representative and participatory in order to facilitate greater and more meaningful participation of developing and least developed countries. less advanced, particularly in Africa, in global decision-making. processes and structures and better adapt it to contemporary realities.

”We recall UNGA resolution 75/1 and reiterate the call for reform of the principal organs of the United Nations. We renew our commitment to breathe new life into discussions on UN Security Council reform and to continue work to revitalize the General Assembly and strengthen the Economic and Social Council,” the leaders said. in the statement.

The leaders recalled that the outcome document of the 2005 World Summit and reaffirmed the need for a comprehensive reform of the United Nations, including its Security Council, with a view to making it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increasing representation of developing countries so that it can respond adequately to global challenges.

The BRICS countries appreciate the role of India and Brazil as members of the UN Security Council for 2021-2022 and 2022-2023 respectively.

The leaders reiterated the need for all countries to cooperate in the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms within the framework of the principles of equality and mutual respect.

“We agree to continue to treat all human rights, including the right to development, in a fair and equitable manner, on the same footing and with the same emphasis,” the declaration reads.

Leaders agreed to enhance cooperation on issues of common interest both within BRICS and in multilateral fora, including the UN General Assembly and the Human Rights Council, taking into account the the need to promote, protect and fulfill human rights in a non-selective and non-politicized and constructive manner and without double standards.

”We call for respect for democracy and human rights. In this regard, we emphasize that they must be implemented at the level of global governance as well as at the national level,” they said.

Leaders also reaffirmed their support for an open, transparent, inclusive, non-discriminatory and rules-based multilateral trading system, as embodied in the World Trade Organization (WTO).

”We will engage constructively to pursue the necessary reform of the WTO to build an open global economy that supports trade and development, preserve the preeminent role of the WTO in establishing the rules and governance of the global trade, support inclusive development and promote the rights and interests of its members, including developing members and LDCs,” the leaders said.

”We recognize that special and differential treatment as established in WTO rules is a tool to facilitate the achievement of the WTO’s objectives for economic growth and development. We call on all WTO members to avoid unilateral and protectionist measures that run counter to the spirit and rules of the WTO,” they said.

Noting that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe shocks and hardships to humanity, that an unbalanced recovery is deepening inequalities across the world, and that the economic outlook has deteriorated, the leaders expressed concern that that global development is suffering serious disruptions, including North-South enlargement. a development gap, divergent recovery trajectories, pre-existing development fault lines and a technological divide. The summit will be held under the theme “Fostering High-Quality BRICS Partnership, Ushering in a New Era for Global Development” on June 23-24.PTI ASK ASK TIR TIR

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